What is a nail primer and what is it for?
The word “primer” is translated from English as “primer”. The tool is used to enhance adhesion and as a preparation of nails for artificial coating. Also, the material dries and eliminates fat. Due to its adhesive properties, it promotes adhesion between the plate and the build-up substance.
The product has a mostly liquid texture and does not require drying in a lamp. And the biggest advantage of using the product is that the artificial turf does not chip off at the end and along the edges.
Types and originality of each of them
Like almost any other cosmetics, the primer has its own types with characteristic differences. There are non-acidic and acidic substances. We propose to talk in more detail about each of them.
Acid free nail primers
This adhesive-backed primer guarantees a secure and high-quality bond. Its ingredients provide the effect of the pH of the nail for a while and create a pH close to the coating. Due to the stickiness, the surface texture adheres and adheres well.
The components of this tool include:
- Ethyl acetate. Solvent with synthetic origin. The substance is used for drying.
- Butyl acetate. It’s a solvent.
- Isopropyl. Solvent and degreaser.
Note: the composition of the primer of this type does not have a disinfecting function. Also, the tool does not eliminate unnecessary moisture. Experts recommend using the product in combination with a degreaser and disinfectant.
The acid-free substance is absolutely safe, as it does not penetrate deep into the nail plate.
Please note: the material is not applied to the entire surface of the nail, but only to the free edge.
Acid nail primers
This type has one important difference: such a primer consists of 70-100% methacrylic acid. The component is able to etch the surface of the nail and lift the keratin scales. This contributes to maximum adhesion of the gel or other products to the plate. Manicure with this tool is worn for a very long time.
However, working with an acidic substance is difficult, as improper use can lead to:
- thinning of the nail.
The main component of the product (methacrylic acid) also has an unpleasant odor. Its frequent inhalation can cause headache, drowsiness, hearing and vision disorders.
Also among the components of the product are:
- Butyl acetate. It is a natural solvent. It provides drying of means due to evaporation. Substances are considered relatively safe. But in some cases it can cause irritation.
- Butyl methacrylate. The component belongs to adhesive products. In the same way as the previous option, it is relatively safe, but can cause an allergic reaction.
- Ethanol. It is a solvent and part-time antiseptic. May cause allergic reactions upon contact with skin.
Despite this, some experts continue to work with the product with caution, since it has bactericidal properties and is suitable for wet nails.
In addition, we advise you to pay attention to the following points:
- there are primers designed specifically for working with gel or acrylic;
- do not apply more than 2 layers of the substance;
- if the client complains of burning, it is necessary to immediately rinse the area with water;
- when using an acidic product, be sure to take safety measures (wear a mask, gloves, and even goggles).
How to apply primer on nails
Experienced nail technicians are already familiar with this procedure. Therefore, the section is more suitable and will benefit beginners and those who just want to understand the basics of the process. Let’s briefly talk about the main stages of applying the material.
Cuticle treatment and nail shaping
Before using the primer, you need to prepare the nails themselves. First of all, the cuticle is removed and a beautiful shape is given. The following attributes are used for this:
- orange stick;
- nail file.
With the help of the last tool, the desired look is given to the edge of the nail. Next, a substance is applied to the cuticle to remove it. Then the hand is lowered for several minutes in a bath of warm water.
On dried fingers, they begin to push back the cuticle with a pusher. After that, it is removed with scissors or tweezers. We use an orange stick to clean the pterygium.
Preparation of the nail plate
At the second stage, the preparation of the nail plate takes place. The primer plays a key role here. The quality of the hitch depends on the correct management of the tool.
For proper preparation, you must also have with you:
- a brush or brush to remove dust;
- napkins without lint;
- liquid 2in1;
First of all, the buff takes effect. It is treated with a nail in order to raise the scales. Dust is removed with a brush or brush. A degreaser is applied to a special napkin and the nails are wiped.
Note: for girls with a greasy plate, a dehydrator is applied to the entire surface.
A primer is applied to the free edge. Based on the tasks and the condition of the nails, the type of product is selected. The material is dried in air for a minute.
The agent is applied pointwise, with strokes. Do not forget that the liquid composition of the product can spread, thereby getting on the skin. This should be avoided, since such an interaction will entail unpleasant consequences (for example, such as dryness or even a burn).
Covering the nail plate with gel polish
At the final stage, a coating is applied to the nail plate. For this use:
- colored material;
The foundation is applied first. It is dried in a lamp. It is not necessary to remove the sticky layer. Then comes the gel polish. After application, it is also dried in a lamp. Top is used at the end.
Frequently asked Questions
Having figured out what a primer is, what types of it exist and how to apply the product correctly, we suggest moving on to the paragraph with frequent questions. Here you will find answers to the most popular product inquiries. So if you’re interested, scroll on!
Will gel polish last without a primer?
Often the question arises as to whether it is necessary to use this tool at all or you can do without it. The answer will be positive: yes, you can. However, then the coating will not last long, and can quickly deteriorate. Primer…