Contour plastic – correction of appearance with the help of a filler. A cosmetologist uses a drug that fills in wrinkles and folds. At the same time, there are many criteria both for and against fillers. Let’s analyze the features of the procedure.
How is contour plastic performed?
Fillers (English filler – filler) are called injections of hyaluronic acid. Cosmetic clinics offer them:
- For lip augmentation;
- Elimination of facial asymmetry;
- Masking minor imperfections;
- Correction of mimic wrinkles and creases.
At the initial stage, consultation is needed. The cosmetologist collects an anamnesis to make sure there are no contraindications. At the same time discussing:
- The expediency of contour plastics;
- Brand, density and dosage of the drug;
- Number and location of punctures;
- Possible effect and risk of complications;
- Skin care before and after the procedure.
Contour plastic will take no more than an hour. Immediately before injection, the skin is cleaned and an anesthetic is applied. The drug is administered using a special syringe with a needle or cannula. At the end, the injection site is disinfected and massaged, distributing the gel along the corrected area.
Can fillers be ineffective?
In reviews, patients often advocate fillers in the lips and against injections into the lacrimal or nasolabial sulcus. In these areas, the result is weak or not noticeable at all. The procedure is more aimed at changing facial features than at eliminating wrinkles.
Contour plastic is ineffective in the presence of:
- Gravitational ptosis;
- Expressed creases and folds;
- Serious age-related changes.
A conditional minus was a temporary result. Injections are enough for a period of 6 months to 2 years. Without repeated procedures, the created volume will gradually disappear.
Side effects and complications
Common side effects include:
- mild discomfort or itching;
- Violation of sensitivity;
- Swelling of the treated area;
- Temporary redness or pallor.
Most of the symptoms are related to the reaction of the skin to the procedure. Usually they last for several hours or days, then disappear. In rare cases, pigmentation appears at the puncture site.
If the drug is administered incorrectly, you may experience:
- Inflammation in the injection area;
- Necrosis or persistent impairment of sensitivity;
- Migration, translucence or palpation of the filler;
- Pathological changes in blood flow (ischemia);
- Solid masses, including granulomas and soft tissue fibrosis.
To avoid problems, injections are made only in the absence of contraindications. Their list includes:
- elevated temperature;
- Connective tissue diseases;
- Blood clotting disorders;
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding;
- Predisposition to the formation of keloid scars;
- Intolerance to the components that make up the drug;
- Burns, wounds or inflammation in the area of the procedure;
- Oncological, autoimmune and dermatological diseases.
To exclude complications after the injection, it is advised to avoid sauna, solarium and massage procedures for 1-2 weeks.
At what age can fillers be used?
Conditionally, injections are allowed from the age of 18. It is better to start the prevention of age-related changes no earlier than 25. But it is important not to overdo it. Frequent injections increase the risk of complications. To maintain the effect, contouring can be combined with mesotherapy.
The reverse situation is an appeal to a beautician after 40 years. In this case, contouring may not be enough. Closer to 50-60 years, surgery is no longer enough.